Addressing Pakistan's Urbanisation Challenges
Pakistan's cities are growing rapidly. By 2030, Pakistan is expected to have an urban-majority population. This is driven mainly by migrants from rural areas seeking new forms of employment in urban areas.
Cities have the potential to become engines of Pakistan's future economic growth. The geographic clustering of labour and firms generates the innovation and wealth charactaristic of urban areas. But this cannot be achieved without a nurturing urban policy, which thus far Pakistan has not implemented. The absence of smart, responsive urban planning can make cities congested, susceptible to disease and unsafe. In this scenario, cities can become hotbeds of unrest rather than economic and cultural powerhouses.
This study details the factors that undermine liveability in Punjab's cities - such as poor sanitation, unaffordable housing and a shortage of jobs - and suggests specific public policy interventions to address them.
Umair Javed, PhD Candidate, London School of Economics and CDPR Affiliate
Husnain Fateh, Assistant Professor, Lahore University of Management Sciences
Sohaib Athar, Urban Development Specialist, World Bank
Urban Development in Punjab: A Political Economy Analysis