News and Views

CDPR Chairman, Dr. Ijaz Nabi, questions where is the money to create jobs for the young. He writes 1.5 million new jobs are needed every year. In addition, 50-60 billion US dollars are required to design projects that would generate this number of jobs. The required amount of investment is twice as much as we have now. Dr. Nabi emphasises that some of the money will have to be mobilised by the government, even if jobs are in the private sector. This is because private projects require public infrastructure and also government spending on healthy and educated workers is essential for profitable private enterprise. Dr. Nabi continues and places stress on the need to collect more tax revenue and attract…
In response to the Council of Islamic Ideology's recent proposal to allow husbands to "lightly beat" their wives, Princeton Professor and CDPR Fellow Atif Mian discusses how Pakistani women are giving men a different kind of beating: superiority in academic achievement. There are more girls in intermediate schools, they outnumber boys in medicine two to one, and they make up Pakistan's three winners of the MacArthur “Genius Award”. Mian further argues that Pakistan's economic development relies on its female citizens, stating their contributions are just as important as men's. View article here.
CDPR fellow, Dr. Faisal Bari, writes that faulty testing methods can end up producing graduates who do not even know how to write properly. Yet, we have involved ourselves in preparing and using such methods of examinations with far too much enthusiasm and without due debate in society — a debate that needs to take place now. View article here.
In March, CDPR hosted a seminar to an audience of academics, journalists, advocates and officials in the Government of Punjab. The seminar included four presentations on research in women's mobility, public-private partnerships in education, public procurement and taxation. Researchers were enthusiastic over the fact that academic work on development was being closely paid attention to by key policymakers, including Chief Minister Shehbaz Sharif, who was briefed on the research the next day. CDPR explains the four takeaways from the seminar in a blog post for the International Growth Centre. View post here.
The coercive actions of one of Pakistan's biggest land developer has raised questions about the land and housing market in Pakistan. Middle and upper income segments of the society demand these gated, suburban communities while developers meet the demand to get profitable returns. Umair Javed, CDPR Affiliate is of the opinion that only the state can change this situation and ensure equitable access to land through a change in policy regime. View article here.
Dr. Faisal Bari questions why the change in poverty headcount does not necessarily lead to a change in health outcomes. If the population is able to meet their basic caloric needs, as well as purchase other necessities, why are malnutrition and stunting incidence increasing? View article here.
Umair Javed, CDPR Affiliate, discusses that the gap between anti-orange line elites and Lahore’s voters reflects a larger problem. He questions why do some, i.e. those who matter, end up being heard in the exercise of governance, and why is it that those who don’t, appear comparatively voiceless. Umair also emphasises on the need for those who envision a different city to engage with a larger part of it. View article here.
Homi Kharas, CDPR Fellow, examines the three large agreements made by world leaders last year, which represent a vision of how to change the world; the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Paris Agreement on climate change In the past, when governments wanted to change the world, they negotiated intergovernmental agreements. However, Kharas points out a new theory of change in which governments might lead, but they must mobilize others to join in and provide a framing to ensure that the collective effort is moving in the right direction. View article here.
CDPR Chairman, Ijaz Nabi, discusses whether privatizing PIA will help improve its management. View article here.
Umair Javed, CDPR Affiliate, explains the conflict over the geographic distribution of projects being implemented under CPEC, by examining Pakistan’s history of centre-province relations, and the debate on centralised bureaucratic structures controlling administration and policy. View article here.