Kate Vyborny, Erica Field, Ghulam Abbas Anjum and Fizzah Sajjad Overcoming Barriers to Women’s Mobility

In Pakistan, women who want to work, take classes or participate in public life are often discouraged from doing so out of fear of harassment or social norms that stigmatise women’s travel on public transport and movement in other public spaces. This limits womens’ ability to access the employment and services of their choosing, and denies employers access to a significant pool of labour. In a study of urban Lahore, researchers at the Center for Economic Research in Pakistan (CERP), supported by the International Growth Centre (IGC) and other donors, conducted a household survey to measure attitudes towards women’s use of public transport.

Sheharyar Nabi Water Pricing to Promote Equity, Efficiency and Sustainable Development in the Growing City of Faisalabad

Faisalabad is a rapidly growing industrial hub in Pakistan’s Punjab province. As its population grows, its water distribution systems become increasingly stressed, leaving the poorest citizens vulnerable. This brief, based on a report titled “Water Pricing to Promote Equity, Efficiency and Sustainable Development in the Growing City of Faisalabad, Pakistan”, explains how water price and household incomes influence water consumption in Faisalabad. It shows that while both factors – in addition to other external influences – have a substantive impact on water demand, the price of water has a relatively small effect. Based on these findings, the brief offers policy recommendations for making water access sustainable and equitable.

Umair Javed, Husnain Fateh and Sohaib Athar Addressing Urbanization Challenges

Pakistan has South Asia’s highest proportion of urban residents. By 2030, an expected 50 percent of Pakistanis will live in cities, up from the current 40 percent. Given Pakistan’s level of urbanization, the economy could be performing much better. However, Pakistani cities are expanding without sufficient planning, leading to poor infrastructure, inefficient public services and unaffordable housing.

Zara Salman Metropolitan Lahore – Economic Geography, Labor Markets and Growth

Research has shown that a doubling of the size of the labour market, other things remaining the same, leads to a statistically significant increase in output per worker. In this study, Lahore is examined in this light, keeping in mind the critical role of mobility, which affects the size of the labour market. Furthermore, fragmentation that causes a city to function below its economic potential, which translates into a lower standard of living for its residents, is investigated. The first order impact on the labour market of an infrastructure investment like the recent Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is also estimated.


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