Zara Salman and Shehryar Nabi Using Incentives to Improve Performance of Polio Workers

Since Pakistan reached an alarming high of 306 new polio cases in 2014, polio vaccination campaigns have helped reduce that number dramatically. But to ensure the long-term eradication of polio in Pakistan, the systemic problems affecting the administration of polio vaccines still have to be addressed. One of these problems is motivation: low pay for highly demanding work has left many health workers unwilling to perform well, which results in fewer vaccinations. According to IGC-funded research, both monetary and behavioural incentives show promising results as policy tools to motivate health workers.

Zara Salman and Shehryar Nabi Determinants of Nutritional and Health Status of Children in Punjab

Pakistan’s children have some of the poorest health outcomes in South Asia. An estimated eight percent die before the age of five, 44 percent have stunted growth and a third of them are underweight. Pakistan’s large primary care system has not effectively prevented this because the main determinants of health status – sanitation, education, income, and quality healthcare – have not been sufficiently dealt with. Uzma Afzal, Usman Ghaus and Jeffrey Hammer argue that current surveys are missing vital information on these determinants for designing sound health policies. They identify the gaps, and offer recommendations for how these surveys can improve.

Zara Salman Primary Health Care in Punjab: Learning from Bangladesh

The Government of Punjab (GoPb) invited Dr. Zafrullah Chowdhary and his team from Bangladesh to visit Punjab. The team setup a model BHU in the Nankana district, by tailoring the Bangladesh experience to local conditions. Based on their observations, it was highlighted that the unavailability of diagnostic and other medical facilities in BHUs and the lack of skills to utilize them needs to be addressed.

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