Energy

Attitudes of local people to mining policies and interventions

Daniel K. Twerefou, Kwadou Tutu, John Owusu-Afriyie, and Kwane Adjei-Mantey

This study aims to assess the attitudes of mining communities towards mining policies and interventions in Ghana, and provide policy recommendations that may improve community-mining relations, and the more sustainable exploitation of Ghana’s natural resources. This study finds that the majority of local people do not have a favourable attitude towards mining sector policies and interventions.

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Entrepreneurship, poverty and sustainability: Critical reflections on the formalisation of small-scale mining in Ghana

Gavin Hilson and Abigail Hilson

In sub-Saharan Africa, artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) – low-tech, labour-intensive mineral extraction and processing – provides direct employment to tens of millions of people. Most, however, operate without the requisite permits to mine legally due to a shortage of untitled land, as well as bureaucratic and costly registration processes. This article contributes to this discussion, drawing on fresh evidence from Ghana, the location of one of the largest and most dynamic ASM economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Here, it is explained, there is a sizable gap between what the government believes ASM is, and what it actually is. This misdiagnosis has spawned a regulatory apparatus that has proved to be a formidable barrier for ASM operators who are attempting to transition to the formal economy. The attention paid to these ‘expressions’ of ASM’s informality and its unsustainable growth trajectory could potentially derail efforts to formalize a sector which, if adequately supported, could catalyze much-needed economic development in one of the world’s poorest regions.

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Strengthening the Institutional Framework for Flood and Water Resources Management in Bihar: Developing a Strategy for Reform

Ranu Sinha, Martin Burton and Ghanshyam Tiwari

Floods ravage the state of Bihar every year. The enormous responsibility of flood management is entrusted to the Water Resources Department (WRD) under the Government of Bihar. The institutional strength of WRD determines the success and survival of Bihar against incessant floods that occur with unpredictable intensity. Therefore, the IGC study focuses on understanding the institutional setup of WRD and highlighting the potential for strengthening the institution with respect to flood management. The study seeks to address this gap of institutional analysis by investigating the institutional challenges hindering optimal performance and identifies priority areas of reform for improving the management of floods in Bihar.

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