States

The authors carry out an impact evaluation to determine the composite impact of a PPP that seeks to modify the classroom environment. This PPP is between Federal Directorate of Education (FDE) and Children’s Resource International (CRI) Pakistan, a non-profit training and education organization. Transforming classrooms to be ‘child-friendly’ encompasses a number of inputs including teacher training, improving family literacy and…
This paper provides rigorous evidence on the long-run inequality in opportunities in rural Punjab. For this purpose Sargodha provides an excellent context in which to analyze intergenerational mobility by providing micro-evidence, using regression analysis on the relationship between historic inequality and intergenerational mobility—an under-researched area in the literature. The findings of this paper show that while impressive gains have been…
The author provides an overview of the education policies and initiatives that have been introduced in Punjab and discusses whether they have been successful in curbing the problems that the education sector faces. According to the author, the challenge of education reforms is to efficiently implement an investment program to support a high-quality education system suited to local demand and…
This study responds to a request by the department of education, government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan, to assess how the incentive structure for teachers and administrators can be improved to enhance student learning. The study will make recommendations based on findings from the national and international literature and analysis of data available in KP followed up by focus group…
By Rabea Malik and Faisal Bari et al. This study posits that the challenges in education sector are too great for the State to address on its own. Thus, PPPs in education offer a set of powerful tools for involving the non-state sector for triggering improvements in state schools. Despite the potential of partnerships to generate insights for education sector…
This report explores the issue of gender-biased sex selection in Pakistan and makes evidence-based recommendations for responding to adverse sex ratios at birth. It presents reproductive healthcare providers’ perspectives on the risk and incidence of prenatal sex selection in Karachi. It postulates that pre-conditions for these practices exist: son preference persists, the small family norm is prevalent, and the practice…
While institutional deliveries in Pakistan have risen substantially over the last few years, the change has mainly occurred among the wealthy and those with access to services in urban areas. The paper assess the influence of economic and geographic access to health facilities on institutional deliveries by linking household survey data and georeferenced distance to facilities equipped to provide services…
This report examines the determinants of health status by using the available population-based surveys – the Demographic and Health Surveys (PDHS) of 2006 and 2012 and the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) of 2008 and 2011. It uses height, weight and mortality rate of children as indicators of health status to understand the impact of wealth, mother’s education, sanitation and…
This paper, by Umbreen Fatima and Dr Anjum Nasim, outlines the electricity tariff determination process; reports on the TDS by consumer group, DISCO and province; and considers the likely changes in the federal/provincial shares of the divisible pool of tax revenue if TDS were given to the provinces in the form of a revenue share from the divisible pool. http://ideaspak.org/interprovincial-differences-in-power-sector-subsidies-and-implications-for-the-nfc-award/#sthash.Dra3uASY.dpuf