States

The working paper looks at the expenditure on social protection programs and compares it with the subsidies provided to the non-poor. It argues that fiscal space for social protection can be created by reducing the implicit and explicit subsidies provided to the non-poor, reducing losses of public sector enterprises, improving economic growth and raising tax-to-GDP ratio which is one of…
This study attempts to quantify the potential income tax revenue from crop farming and land rental in Punjab. In the tax year 2010, tax revenue from crop farming and land rental in Punjab was twice the tax potential for the year 2013. Even though the perception about agricultural income tax is exaggerated, the revenue potential is still very large relative…
Dr. Hanid Mukhtar (CDPR Fellow) examines the pattern of public expenditure in Pakistan — including public debt and its management, the morass of subsidies and grants, fiduciary oversight and sectoral priorities — and argues for efficient utilization of public money. Dr. Mukhtar makes the case for significant increase in revenue collection in the context of improved expenditure management and the…
This paper summarizes the federal structure of Pakistan and reviews the system of fiscal transfers from the perspective of vertical…
This report summarizes the findings of an investigation into the current state of technology use at the Lahore High Court…
This paper provides a description of the recent decentralization reforms in Pakistan under General Musharraf. It not only highlights major…
Historically, Pakistan’s rapid economic growth has not been matched by advances in social development. So, were the 2001 local government…
A fundamental paradox of Punjab’s politics is the coexistence of competitive electoral contests with a deeply held belief among the…
The natural conditions of Pakistan put severe limits on its capacity to support a human population. Only because of more…
The history of Pakistan shows a paradoxically countercyclical pattern for local democracy. Three times in the history of Pakistan, elected…