Situation analysis of the education sector. 2012. UNESCO.
This report gives an overview of different aspects of Pakistan’s education system. It provides a situation analysis not only through the lens of different sectors but also through the lens of all provinces. According to the report, the most striking feature of Pakistan’s education system is its inherent inequalities. Later these basic inequalities translate into inequalities of opportunities of jobs and salaries and quality and standards of life. The key issues in education are somewhat similar across levels of education, mainly low access and poor quality of education. Every province faces almost all the key challenges, with some degree of variance. Moreover, these challenges are inter-related. They include large stock of out of school children and poor quality of education, which is interlinked with financial constraints due to low allocation of the budget. There is also weak coordination among international development partners leading to duplication of efforts and focus only on primary education. Furthermore, there is limited institutional capacity in provincial education departments as well as lack of supervision and monitoring. The recent need for effective response in emergencies has additionally burdened the sector’s resources. Public-private partnership, a possible solution to these challenges has however, turned out to be ineffective. Thus, strong and urgent measures are required in these areas to overcome the challenges.
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Mustafa, G. (2012). Education Policy Analysis Report of
This education policy analysis does a comprehensive review of all the sectors in education from pre-primary till tertiary levels along with vocational, non-formal, special education sectors. The analysis also looks at the progress of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa over EFA and MDG goals, public sector education budget and donors’ financial assistance. The implementation of National Education Policy 2009 in KP is also looked at in detail. According to the report, the education policy of KP can be understood through its various development projects, governance structure and developments over the implementation of national education policy. In wake of 18th Constitutional Amendment the Education Department is repositioning itself to undertake additional responsibilities. Moreover, some prominent recent education development projects in KP financed by donors are also playing an important role. They aim to improve governance, numeracy, female literacy and quality of education across various sectors in the public education system. The major recommendations of the report are also in line with these areas. They focus on Early Childhood Education, technical education, improving quality by reducing teacher absenteeism and improving governance through Parent-Teacher councils. There is also emphasis on improving gender disparity by increasing schools for only girls.
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